Research – Reports – Studies

Who Rides London? – A survey of motorcyclists who use PTWs to ride to work in London – June 2018

In March of this year a survey was distributed to riders which asked the question – Who Rides London?

The aim of the survey was to identify motorcycle, scooter and moped riders who typically commute to work or study in London, to determine the typical riders’ profile and the type of bikes/scooters/mopeds travelling in these areas.

The reason behind the survey was that a ULEZ (Ultra Low Emission Zone) is being planned for introduction in London with motorcycles to be charged £12.50 per day, the same as all other vehicles.

The survey was a study to identify specific issues relating to Powered Two Wheelers (motorcycles, scooters and mopeds) – PTWs which fall within the Euro 3 emission standards (PTWs manufactured from 2007 onwards) or pre Euro 3 emission standards (PTWs manufactured prior to 2007) which would thus incur this planned charge.

View document – pdf – 965kb – Click Here

Effects of Advanced (Anti-lock) Braking Systems – Motorcycle – March 2017

An online survey was carried out in 2016 focussing on motorcyclists who had crashed while riding a motorcycle fitted with Advanced (anti-lock) Braking Systems (ABS).

The survey was a pilot study to identify specific issues relating to crashes involving motorcycles fitted with ABS.

The objective of the survey was to find out from riders, their experiences which will be used to provide information to improve training and the technical development of future ABS, the wealth and depth of information provided by the motorcyclists who participated allows for a wide range of analysis of the details that resulted from the questionnaire and the responses.

View document – pdf – 470kb – Click Here

Northern Ireland Vehicle Occupant Fatality Report 2015 – August 2015

car-fatality-study-2015-120This report analyses n.48 cases of collisions equal to n.51 vehicle occupant fatalities, of which n.30 were the drivers of the vehicle responsible for the collision; n.14 were passengers in the vehicle responsible for the collision, while there were n.4 drivers of other vehicles and n.3 passengers in other vehicles fatally injured.

The cases reported in this study are the outcome of investigations carried out by the Road Traffic Collision Investigation Unit of the Forensic Science Northern Ireland between January 2011 and December 2012.

The study and analysis of the findings of the Road Traffic Collision Investigation Unit – Forensic Science Northern Ireland and a selection of Coroners’ reports was carried out by Elaine Hardy PhD, Research Analyst and supported by the Rees Jeffreys Road Fund.

View document – pdf – 377kb – Click Here

Northern Ireland Pedestrian Fatality Report 2014 – September 2014

pedestrianfatalitystudy2014-120The Northern Ireland Pedestrian Fatality Report 2014 supported by the Rees Jeffreys Road Fund is an examination of n.55 collision scene reports of pedestrian fatalities from Senior Scientific Officers of the Road Traffic Collision Investigation Unit, Forensic Science, Northern Ireland during 2008 and 2012, supported by n.37 case files from the Coroner’s Service Northern Ireland.

The findings indicate that the majority of the collisions n.35 (64%) cases occurred in darkness and 55% of pedestrians wore dark clothing.; In 91% of cases the vehicle was not driven at excessive speed (over the speed limit); There were n.17 (31%) elderly pedestrians (>70 years) involved in collisions with vehicles.  In n.5 cases the elderly pedestrian crossed the road in front of lorries. There were n.17 pedestrians (31%) who were found to have alcohol in their blood at the time of the collsion and all occurred during the hours of darkness.  The average blood content was 232 mg per 100ml

There are three main areas of concern in relation to pedestrian fatalities: Visibility, the elderly and intoxicated pedestrians. Cognitive Impairment underpins these three groups.

View document – pdf 2.84mb – Click Here

Northern Ireland Motorcycle Fatality Report 2012 – April 2012nimfr2012coversmallwidget

Indepth Study Of 39 Motorcycle Collisions In Northern Ireland Between 2004 And 2010 In Which 41 Motorcyclists Were Fatally Injured

The evidence provided in this report indicates that each road traffic collision is unique but that in all cases the time frame from the perceived hazard to the conclusion of the impact either with another vehicle or with road infrastructure was typically between 2 and 3 seconds.

According to the participants of the focus group, the best solution to avoid road traffic collisions is anticipation and hazard awareness training.

View document – pdf – 1.44mb – Click Here

Motorcycle Conspicuity In Europe – June 2011

MotorcycleConspicuity160611-120A response to proposals from France and the EU relating to motorcycle conspicuity.

Research from experts has supported the case that the most obvious method of reducing road casualties is to improve car driver training and motorcycle rider training, with the support of enforcement. Practical training for car drivers should include consideration of inattentional  blindness at junctions.

If the objective is to reduce road casualties, then European governments need to address training and awareness techniques for motorcycle riders rather than imposing Hi Viz jackets, mandatory automatic headlights on in the hope that this will improve conspicuity.

The present system does not equip motorcyclists with the necessary accident avoidance and evasion strategies, this could be easily modified and avoidance and evasion strategies should be included in initial rider training.

View document – pdf – 385kb – Click Here

SMC Survey of Motorcyclists and their views on Advanced Training – 2010

swedentraing2010The purpose of the survey was to find out from motorcyclists their views about advanced motorcycle training and specifically about the advanced motorcycle training courses conducted by SMC.

The overall results of the survey indicate that the riders who answered the questions are experienced and have a healthy sense of their own mortality due to the fact that they use protective clothing and are aware of critical situations as well as recognising their own strengths and weaknesses.

This also is highlighted by the fact that the majority of those responding to the survey have participated in advanced training and have taken these courses seriously.

View document – pdf – 1.41mb – Click Here

Risk And Motorcycles – November 2009

risk-coverThe emphasis on risk and risky motorcyclists appears generally to focus on the deviator – the wrong doer i.e. the motorcyclist who appears not to comply to the norms or rules of the road and is thus a risky person.

No road safety initiative can ever make motorcycling risk-free, but this is true for any road user.

However, educating young (and older) riders and drivers how to tackle these risks and how to adapt and live comfortably in our modern society would unquestionably have an important impact on the reduction of injuries and accidents.

View document – pdf – 596kb – Click Here

 Near Miss Study of Motorcycles – October 2009

 A Study of Motorcyclists in Northern Ireland, Southern Ireland and Great Britain

near-miss-logoDuring the months of May through to July 2009, a survey of 257 motorcyclists in Ireland (Northern and Southern) and Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) was carried out through the internet.

In conclusion, “near miss” reporting offers authorities, road safety organisations, and researchers the opportunity to develop clearer and more meaningful strategies to reduce road casualties, through further research and even by developing a system of self-reporting.

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The Riders Perspective – September 2009

frontcoverridersperspectiveMotorcycle Safety in Northern Ireland – The Rider’s Perspective aims to provide legislators, decision makers and motorcyclists with a document that collates the expertise of motorcyclists, based on years of experience, consultation and lobbying.

It also aims to be a starting point for discussion and debate to develop a strategy for motorcycle safety in Northern Ireland by encompassing all stakeholders including the motorcycle community, individual riders, clubs, groups and associations.

Now is the time for a motorcycle strategy in Northern Ireland.

View document – pdf – 2.61mb – Click Here

AVCIS – Problem Profile Evaluation of Vehicles Stolen for Export – December 2007

acpo-cover-2007This report has been carried out to assess the nature and extent of the movement of stolen vehicles through the UK sea ports.

This report aims to highlight the ongoing significant problem of both high value and low value/high volume exports of cars stolen from within the UK and from elsewhere within the EU to Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.

Finally, to provide a strategic overview and accurate assessment of the nature and extent of the involvement of OCG in this area.

View document – pdf – 240kb – Click Here

The Fear Industry – December 2006

CoverwebThis is a shorter version of the PhD thesis “Fear of Crime, Governance and Vested Interests, a case study of motorcyclists”.

This study focuses on the globalisation of criminological theory, regulations an governance.

It is an analysis of international crime data and their interpretation, risk society and fear of crime.

Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to carry out interviews and to survey 2,200 motorcyclists in the Netherlands and Great Britain.

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SWOT Analysis of the MAIDS Report – By the Motorcycle Action Group (MAG UK) – October 2004

swot-maidsACEM with the support of the European Commission and other partners conducted an extensive in-depth study of motorcycle and moped accidents during the period 1999-2000 in five sampling areas located in France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain and Italy. In this study a total of 921 accidents were investigated in detail.

“MAG UK believes that there are important issues which the authors of the MAIDS report (and in fact all safety reports on motorcycling) have not taken into consideration.”

These are Risk Compensation, Risk Management, Social Control and the Rights of Citizens to choose.

Researched and written by Elaine Hardy – National Research Officer and Trevor Baird – Director of Public Affairs – MAG UK

View document – pdf – 190kb – Click Here

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